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ERIC Number: ED070750
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972-Mar
Pages: 6
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Encounter Groups and Change: Behavioral or Self-Report Data?
Sage, Ellis H.; Rubenstein, Alice
In this study, two hypotheses were tested: (1) Self-report data are unrelated to behavior change; (2) Exposure to competent models of open and helpful behavior increases this skill performance in an encounter group. Two encounter groups were conducted with 18 college students who had the incentive to become more open, honest, and helpful. One group was presented with 1-hour of microlab activities; the other, 1-hour of video tape with instructions and modeling of open and helpful behavior. The Personal Orientation Inventory (POI) was administered before, following, and 3 weeks after each group. Behavioral rating forms for openness and helping were used 50 minutes of each hour by trained raters. The POI data indicated that all participants reported significant change in the positive direction. No significant differences between groups were evident. Although self report data reflected no level effects, behavioral data reflected significant overall level effects on both combined openness and combined helping. The results of the study supported the hypotheses. Six references and 5 tables are included. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A