ERIC Number: ED070093
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: 0
Syntax of Kindergarten and Elementary School Children: A Transformational Analysis.
O'Donnell, Roy C.; And Others
This investigation sought to learn about the oral and written language behavior of students from kindergarten age through grade 7, and to determine the validity of different analytic techniques for measuring children's development in control of syntax. Language samples were collected from 180 children (grades K-3, 5, and 7) by having the children view two silently-run cartoons, and then narrate and answer questions about the film in a recorded interview. Third-, fifth-, and seventh-graders were also asked to write the stories and answers. The typescripts of the responses were analyzed using Hunt's T-units. Principal conclusions were: (1) as grade level increased, so did the word length of total responses to a situation; (2) the most frequent significant increments from grade to grade were in the use of particular complex constructions; (3) deletion transformations may indicate students' growth in manipulating syntax better than subordinate clauses; (4) oral expression appeared to progress most rapidly between kindergarten and the end of first grade, and between the ends of the fifth and seventh grades; (5) in the higher grades, written development in control of syntax surpassed spoken development. (This document previously announced as ED 017 508.) (MM)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Elementary School Students, English, Evaluation Methods, Language Ability, Language Acquisition, Language Patterns, Language Research, Language Usage, Sex Differences, Skill Analysis, Speech Communication, Syntax, Transformational Generative Grammar, Written Language
National Council of Teachers of English, 1111 Kenyon Road, Urbana, Ill. 61801 (Stock No. 16208, $2.00 non-member, $1.80 member)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Council of Teachers of English, Champaign, IL.