ERIC Number: ED070079
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Nov-29
Reference Count: 0
Syntactical Speech Patterns of Black Children from a Depressed Urban Area: Educators Look at Linguistic Findings.
Gantt, Walter N.; Wilson, Robert M.
The syntactical speech characteristics of black children living in depressed areas of an Eastern city were compared with the eight identified by Baratz, i.e., absence of "s" in the third person singular, zero copula, double negation and "ain't," zero past marker, zero possessive marker, zero plural marker, the substitution of "did" or "can" for the "if" expression of option or condition, and the use of "be" in a temporal sense. Oral language samples were obtained during individual interviews from three groups of children: intermediate low achievers, intermediate average achievers, and kindergarteners. The children were asked to tell a story about a picture which showed a boy and girl in an urban neighborhood staring at several bags of groceries lying scattered in the street. Tape recordings were made and analyzed with the results supporting the following conclusions: (1) more standard than divergent syntax was produced; (2) intermediate average achievers produced a greater amount of standard usage; (3) all of the characteristics identified by Baratz were produced; (4) a number of individuals with the low and average achieving groups used all standard speech, with no individuals using all divergent speech; and (5) the trend was toward mixed and standard usage. (HS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Unpublished research study