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ERIC Number: ED070051
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972
Pages: 100
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Relationship of Self Esteem and Variables Associated with Reading for Fourth Grade Pima Indian Children.
Gardner, Ruth Cogswell Anderson
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of self-esteem to variables associated with reading for fourth grade Pima Indian children. The variables selected were intelligence factors, reading achievement quotients, and reading attitudes. Significant relationships were found between self-esteem and language ability, total intelligence as represented by mental age, reading achievement in terms of age and grade expectancy, reading expectancy in terms of estimated potential and attitude toward reading for boys. No significant relationships were found for girls. Significant relationships were found for language mental age, reading achievement in terms of grade expectancy, and attitude toward reading for the total group. The findings of the study indicate a need to (1) continue programs to raise the self-esteem of Pima Indian children, (2) provide reading instruction based upon enhancing the child's self-esteem through the valuing of his own language, interests, and abilities, and (3) respect attitudes reflecting Pima culture which influence self-esteem and school achievement. (Author/DI)
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, Dissertation Copies, Post Office Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 72-25,509, MFilm $4.00, Xerography $10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A