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ERIC Number: ED069960
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Oct
Pages: 48
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Organizational Environment on Perceived Power and Climate: A Laboratory Study.
Dieterly, Duncan L.; Schneider, Benjamin
Behavior in organizations was conceptualized to be based on self-perceived power and perceived organizational climate. Power and climate perceptions were investigated as a function of three dimensions of organizational environment. The 2 x 2 x 3 (level of participation, profit or service orientation, and position level, respectively) design (N = 120) was carried out in a laboratory setting. Five dimensions of power and 4 dimensions of climate were assessed as dependent variables. Climate and power perceptions were not strongly related to each other. Level of participation is the main contributor to self-perceived power both as a main effect and in interaction with profit/service orientation and position level. Profit/service orientation is the main contributor to climate perceptions, generally in interaction with one or the other of the environmental variables but also as a main effect. Two strong findings were that participative decision making seems to result in decreased self-perceived power for occupants of higher positions and that a service orientation combined with participative decision making leads to positive climate perceptions. Implications for change toward increased participation in organizations are discussed. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Dept. of Psychology.