ERIC Number: ED069960
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Oct
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Organizational Environment on Perceived Power and Climate: A Laboratory Study.
Dieterly, Duncan L.; Schneider, Benjamin
Behavior in organizations was conceptualized to be based on self-perceived power and perceived organizational climate. Power and climate perceptions were investigated as a function of three dimensions of organizational environment. The 2 x 2 x 3 (level of participation, profit or service orientation, and position level, respectively) design (N = 120) was carried out in a laboratory setting. Five dimensions of power and 4 dimensions of climate were assessed as dependent variables. Climate and power perceptions were not strongly related to each other. Level of participation is the main contributor to self-perceived power both as a main effect and in interaction with profit/service orientation and position level. Profit/service orientation is the main contributor to climate perceptions, generally in interaction with one or the other of the environmental variables but also as a main effect. Two strong findings were that participative decision making seems to result in decreased self-perceived power for occupants of higher positions and that a service orientation combined with participative decision making leads to positive climate perceptions. Implications for change toward increased participation in organizations are discussed. (Author)
Descriptors: Analysis of Variance, Behavioral Science Research, College Students, Decision Making, Individual Power, Job Satisfaction, Laboratory Experiments, Organizational Climate, Participation, Psychological Testing, Research Methodology, Research Reviews (Publications), Self Concept, White Collar Occupations
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Dept. of Psychology.