ERIC Number: ED069786
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972-Jul-25
Reference Count: N/A
An Investigation of the Rasch Simple Logistic Model: Sample-Free Item and Test Calibration.
Tinsley, Howard E. A.; Dawis, Rene V.
This research investigated the use of the Rasch simple logistic model in item and test calibration. Tests employing word, picture, symbol, and number analogies were administered to college students, high school students, civil service clerical employees, and clients of the Minnesota Division of Vocational Rehabilitation. The results suggest that Rasch item easiness estimates are invariant with respect to the ability of the calibrating sample when an adequate sample is employed. The invariance of the Rasch item easiness estimates was shown to be related to the goodness-of-fit of the items to the Rasch model. The deletion of items with low Rasch probabilities increased the invariance of the Rasch item easiness estimates. Estimates of the amount of ability indicated by the raw scores on a test (ability estimates) were also shown to be invariant with respect to the ability of the calibrating sample for tests of 25 or more items, even when relatively small samples were employed. (For related document, see TM 002 270.) (Author)
Descriptors: College Students, Comparative Analysis, Goodness of Fit, Government Employees, High School Students, Hypothesis Testing, Intelligence Tests, Item Analysis, Mathematical Models, Psychometrics, Research Methodology, Research Reports, Statistical Analysis, Tables (Data), Test Construction, Test Interpretation, Tests
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC. Psychological Sciences Div.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Dept. of Psychology.