ERIC Number: ED069719
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Behavioral Changes in Eating Skills in Severely and Profoundly Mentally Retarded Groups.
Balthazar, Earl E.; And Others
An attempt was made to develop programs to improve eating behaviors, with a secondary emphasis on dressing and toileting skills, in profoundly and severely mentally retarded subjects. The purpose was to modify and improve the eating behaviors of institutionalized individuals and to systematically measure changes in these behaviors. The subjects were 78 6-to-26-year-old institutionalized persons. Form I of the Central Wisconsin Colony Scales of Adaptive Behavior was used to provide pre- and posttest data. Treatment was defined generally as the application of reinforcement principles. Nursing care personnel applied behavioral modification techniques and provided a general supportive milieu. It is concluded that although the experimental and control groups were not adequately matched, the findings were positive, that is, overall, experimental groups showed more improvement than control groups, and were tangibly supported by the data. (Author/JS)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Behavior Rating Scales, Behavioral Objectives, Eating Habits, Institutionalized Persons, Measurement Instruments, Measurement Techniques, Mental Retardation, Program Development, Reinforcement, Self Care Skills, Testing, Tests
Bureau of Mental Retardation, Dept. of Health and Social Services, Madison, Wisconsin 53704
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Central Wisconsin Colony and Training School, Madison, WI.
Note: Monograph Supplement; Volume 7