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ERIC Number: ED069676
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Development of a Mechanization Scale: Measurement of Stereotypes of Attitude toward Technology.
Goldman, Roy D.; Kaplan, Robert M.
The purpose of the present study was to extend the construct validity of a scale designed to measure attitude toward technology. A revision of the Mechanization Scale (Goldman, Platt & Kaplan, 1972) was administered to 89 undergraduate students with instructions to respond as if each were a member of a specified occupational group. The target occupational groups (Social Worker, Forest Ranger, Banker, and Mechanical Engineer) were chosen because they had been rated to represent extreme high-low combinations of mechanical competence and favorable-unfavorable view of technology. Responses to the questionnaire were analyzed by a 2 X 4 (sex of subject-by-target occupation) multivariate ANOVA. Differences between occupational group centroids were highly significant whereas other contrasts were not. A discriminant function analysis reveals a two dimensional discriminant space in which the configuration of occupational groups reflected the rater-derived configuration. The study was viewed as successfully extending the construct validity of the mechanization scale. (Author)
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