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ERIC Number: ED069588
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972-Jan
Pages: 33
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Who Went to School?
Katz, Michael B.
School attendance, an element at the center of educational history, not only uncovers important aspects of day-to-day history of schools, but also reflects a broad social, economic, and demographic structure of the times in which patterns of school attendance record family decisions about formal education. Rather than studying school registers to investigate who went to school, this paper demonstrates how, through the census, the gross patterns of attendance among the children of any group can be studied. A case study of Hamilton, Ontario, during the year 1851, when the mean school attendance percentage was 40.8, and 1861, when the mean school attendance rose to 57.8, shows how, although the ethnic composition and family structures of the population remained similar, patterns of school attendance changed dramatically. Factors, in addition to age, affecting school attendance were religion, ethnicity, occupation, wealth, and family size. The source of the increase was proportional; more children to school and the difference between groups remained as they were before. Despite the rise in school attendance among every group, the poorer groups did not gain an advantage of more schooling than other groups, so that for the most part, schooling still reflected and reinforced the class structure of this mid-nineteenth century Canadian city. (SJM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada