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ERIC Number: ED069438
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 40
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Individual Differences in Infant Responses to Brief, Everyday Separations as Related to Other Infant and Maternal Behaviors.
Stayton, Donelda J.; Ainsworth, Mary D. Salter
Individual differences in four separation-related behaviors, protest, following, and positive greetings or crying on reunion, were examined for 26 infants observed intensively at home during the fourth quarter-year, and considered in relation to one another, to other infant behaviors, and to maternal behavior. Contrary to Freudian and other hypotheses, separation protest was found to be related positively to maternal unresponsiveness to crying and negatively to maternal sensitivity to signals, while positive greetings had the converse of these relationships. The first factor yielded by a factor analysis seemed to reflect a security-insecurity dimension in an infant's organization of attachment behavior to his mother. The anxious cluster of behaviors included separation prgest and crying on reunion, as well as crying when put down and frequency and duration of crying in general. The secure cluster included positive greetings on reunion and (to a lesser extent) following a separation, as well as positive responses both to being held and being put down. These findings do not yield a picture of simple positive co-variation among attachment behaviors, but rather one of complex patterning with positive co-variation within, but not between, behavioral clusters. (Author)
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