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ERIC Number: ED069427
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Effectiveness of Social Reinforcement as a Function of Children's Familiarity with the Experimenter.
Roodin, Paul A.; Simpson, William E.
This study was designed to examine the effectiveness of social reinforcement as a function of familiarity with the adult agent administering the reinforcers. First and fifth grade children were tested in a marble dropping task on two successive days. On the second day half of the children at each grade level were tested by the same experimenter (familiar condition) while a different experimenter (stranger condition) tested the other half. First graders were more responsive to social reinforcement provided by a familiar adult than by a stranger. Fifth graders tended to be equally responsive to social reinforcement from either a familiar adult or a stranger. These data failed to provide direct support for either the valence or arousal hypotheses of social reinforcement effects. A cognitive interpretation was suggested to account for the data. Problems associated with experimental designs and dependent measures in studies assessing the effectiveness of social reinforcement were discussed. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A