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ERIC Number: ED069408
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Apr-7
Pages: 5
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Risk-Taking Behavior in Children.
Kopfstein, Donald
The relationship between sex of the experimenter and of a child's cognitive style on risk-taking behavior is reported. The Subjects were 30 boys and 30 girls in the fourth grade. An adult female experimenter administered Kagan's Matching Familiar Figures task to half the children of each sex to give a measure of the childrens' reflective or impulsive cognitive style. An adult male administered the task to the other half. Then the children were given a risk-taking task which consisted of ten toggle switches in the off position. Nine of the switches are safe; for each one the child moves a light comes on and the child received two cents. The tenth switch turns on a buzzer and the child must return his winnings. Two-way analysis of variance tests were done on the three dependent variables. The only significant difference among these four groups was between boys and girls with a male experimenter. Girls took significantly more risks when working with the male experimenter. Expected relationships between risk-taking and cognitive style measures did not appear. A review of risk-taking studies is included in the introduction. Replication of the sex difference is recommended. (DJ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Assoc., Atlanta, Ga., April 7, 1972