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ERIC Number: ED069343
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Inference in Discrimination Learning of Early Elementary School Children.
Kemmerer, Joseph T.; And Others
Sixteen kindergarten and 28 first-grade children were tested on two-choice discrimination problems. A prompt light indicated the positive (rewarded) object P on all training trials, and these were followed by a single nonprompted test trial during which a new object (X) replaced either P (X-N problems) or N (P-X problems) or neither (P-N control problems). Two additional control problems assessed verbal responses to the P and N objects alone. All Ss followed the prompt (i.e., displaced only P) and therefore never directly observed the nonreward value of N on prompted trials. However, performance was significantly above chance on nonprompted X-N trials. Control conditions and verbal reports permitted the conclusion that the negative (nonrewarded) value of N had been inferred while responding to P on prompted trials. Replicating previous findings, the present results further suggest that stimulus novelty is not an important factor in cue-substitution procedures. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.
Note: Technical Report No. 74