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ERIC Number: ED069336
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: N/A
Preschool Racial Attitude Measure II.
Williams, John E.; And Others
The earlier version of the Preschool Racial Attitude Measure (PRAM I) had been found to be a useful measure in attitude development and modification studies of young children. This paper describes the lengthened and otherwise revised version of this procedure -- PRAM II. Standardization data are reported for 252 Caucasian and 140 Negro children, ranging in age from 37 to 85 months (mean is 64 months), who were tested by Caucasian and Negro examiners. Analysis of the racial attitude scores revealed that the measure had good internal consistency (r equals .80), and satisfactory test-retest reliability (r equals .55, over a one-year interval). It was demonstrated that the test may be divided into two equivalent shortforms, for test-retest purposes. Other findings were that the racial attitude scores were found to vary systematically with race of subject, but not with sex of subject, I. Q., or age. Evidence regarding race of examiner effects was inconclusive. It was concluded that PRAM II provides a reliable index of racial attitudes and that the same rationale could be employed in the assessment of other attitudes at the preschool level. Theories of racial attitude development are discussed. (DJ)
Descriptors: Age, Attitude Measures, Childhood Attitudes, Early Experience, Intelligence, Measurement Instruments, Preschool Children, Racial Attitudes, Racial Factors, Sex Differences
John E. Williams, Department of Psychology, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, N.C. 27109 (no price quoted)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A