ERIC Number: ED069058
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Jun
Reference Count: 0
How Children Grow.
National Institutes of Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
The discussion of genetic and environmental factors in the growth of children from infancy to adolescence focuses on intrauterine life, the effects of nutrition, hormones, illness, and emotion in the childhood years, and obesity and puberty in adolescents. Described are processes, such as amniocentesis, for monitoring the physiology chemistry of the uterine environment. The neonate suffering from intrauterine growth retardation is distinguished from the premature infant, and risks of each are specified. Noted are variant growth patterns in males and females such as the much lower production of muscle cells in the female. It is said that radioimmunoassay has revolutionized the chemical analysis of hormones such as human growth hormone, insulin, and thyrotrophin whose functions are explained. Also analyzed are the effects on growth and development of emotional deprivation and of illnesses such as malnutrition, sickle cell anemia, and heart disease. Treated are the physiological processes underlying growth spurts of puberty, which are said to make puberty the most difficult time in life to lose weight. (GW)
Descriptors: Environmental Influences, Exceptional Child Education, Genetics, Growth Patterns, Handicapped Children, Nutrition, Physical Development
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (Stock Number 1740-0329, $.65)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Institutes of Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.