ERIC Number: ED069053
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Jun
The Relationship of Word- and Sentence-Associations of EMR Children to Reading Performance. Final Report.
Sitko, Merrill C.; And Others
Reported was a two part study of 59 educable mentally retarded (EMR) primary grade children which examined the possibility of ascertaining continuous word-association norms, word-association norms, and sentence norms for EMR children, and of utilizing the high word and sentence associations to facilitate reading instruction. Collection of both word-association and sentence-association responses indicated that a substantial number of stimulus words and sentences yielded a high degree of response commonality. However, contrary to hypothesized results, data indicated that nonassociation word pairs may be read with greater accuracy than high association words. Data also failed to support any facilitative effect of high associations on pupils' gain in reading at either the sentence recognition level or the sentence comprehension level. Anecdotal records examined teaching styles and lessons for each class. Failure of the data to confirm the authors' hypothesis was thought to be due to the children's prior exposure to phonic/analytic methods of instruction and to their inability to organize verbal materials according to semantic or associative properties. Instructional materials were included in the appendix. (GW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Indiana Univ., Bloomington. Center for Innovation in Teaching the Handicapped.
Note: Final Report 6.33