ERIC Number: ED068974
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Pronouns on Children's Memory for Sentences.
Lesgold, Alan M.
Do children integrate pronoun sentences in memory as adults seem to do, i.e., processing anaphoric reference between two propositions into a form in which their common element is represented only once (jointly) for the two propositions? Data from two experiments involving third and fourth grade students revealed that a few very vivid sentences were integrated, which suggests that the ability to integrate anaphorically linked propositions precedes the ability to analyze all clauses into forms that are appropriate operands for the integration function. The subjects knew the anaphoric structure but could not process individual propositions to the point where the rules applied mediated memory. Furthermore, when the sentence subjects were repeated rather than pronominalized, the sentences were not uniformly integrated in memory. This inability to integrate sentence memory representations was attributed to short memory limitations that prevented successful anaphora resolution. (HS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Learning Research and Development Center.