ERIC Number: ED068967
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Oct
Reference Count: 0
On Understanding Sentences: In Search of a Theory of Sentence Comprehension. Final Report.
Hakes, David T.
A heuristic strategy model of sentence comprehension, similar to ones suggested by Bever, Fodor and Garret, is discussed, with the focus on the conceptual characteristics of such a model and on relevant research. Briefly, the model assumes that a speech perception device constructs a representation of a heard sentence corresponding roughly to a written transcript. This representation is then scanned for cues to the sentence's underlying grammatical relations and lexical content. The model claims that structural hypotheses are formulated while material within a clause is being processed and that a structure is assigned at the end of the clause regardless of whether sufficient information is available to determine that assignment unambiguously. Research on the following topics is discussed: the nature of the cues used in inferring structural relations, the time of formulation of structural and lexical hypotheses, and the question of whether and how prior context may restrict the set of hypotheses considered. Methodological problems with tasks such as phoneme monitoring, probe latency and sentence completion are raised. Present evidence is too equivocal to support firm conclusions about comprehension processing, but suggestions are made for further research. (Author/DI)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin. Dept. of Psychology.