ERIC Number: ED068932
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Jul-15
Reference Count: 0
An Analysis of the Semantic Relationships Among Words and Their Effect Upon Learning. Final Report.
Weber, James M.
The purpose of this study was to (1) compare the semantic relationships among common nouns obtained via two different measurement procedures and (2) determine if the use of these relationships to classify the various words results in differential degrees of learning when the stimuli are cast in terms of the paired-associate learning paradigm. Three sample groups of 120, 60, and 320 consisted of volunteer undergraduate students. Results of the analyses showed that (1) Although the number of salient, semantic dimensions derived when scaling the stimuli via the semantic differential and multidimensional scaling procedures were basically the same, the specific interrelationships exhibited among the stimuli under the two procedures were quite different; and (2) When the nouns were used in a paired-associate learning task which incorporated both sets of relationships, significantly different levels of learning were observed. These results suggest that in learning situations such as this, the use of a multidimensional scaling algorithm may represent a more efficient procedure than the semantic differential for specifying the semantic interrelationships among small sets of verbal stimuli. (Author/JF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.