ERIC Number: ED068912
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
The Effects of a Systematic Manipulation of Contingencies upon Overt Work Behavior in a Primary Classroom.
Klein, Roger D; And Others
The study attempted to modify the on-task and task completion rates of three kindergarten children by altering the contingencies of reinforcement associated with these two work behaviors. During baseline, a fixed number of tokens was provided for task completion. While the remainder of the class remained in this condition, teacher attention was increased for the target students, and then the contingencies were changed by presenting the fixed number of tokens spread out over the time necessary to complete the task. Increased teacher attention was found to produce reliable increases in on-task rate over the baseline condition. These increases were maintained when the contingencies were reduced, but additional significant increases did not occur. The on-task rate of the entire class changed reliably during all the experimental manipulations, but no functional relationships were established. Task completion rates did not respond systematically to changes in the experimental conditions. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Learning Research and Development Center.