ERIC Number: ED068909
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: 0
A Factor Analysis of Several Reading Readiness Measures for Different Socioeconomic and Ethnic Groups.
Matuszek, Paula A.; Oakland, Thomas D.
First grade students stratified on the basis of their racial-ethnic and socioeconomic status (SES) were studied to determine factors measured by several readiness (aptitude) tests and to learn whether these factors differed for the children from the various groups. SES was determined by father's occupation, or if absent, mother's occupation; the identification of racial-ethnic backgrounds was left to the teacher. Six groups of children were finally chosen: middle and lower class Blacks, Mexican-Americans, and Anglo-Americans. The major observation drawn from the data was that factors derived from the tests differed markedly across groups. It was further concluded that present tests were inefficient in that several subtests seemed to measure the same factors. Data also indicated that tests could not be used interchangeably with children from different SES and racial-ethnic backgrounds. (Two tables of factor loadings and a reference list are appended.) (HS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: 9p.: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Assn. (Chicago, Ill., April, 1972)