ERIC Number: ED068892
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Relationships Between Memory and Reading. Final Report.
Stanners, Robert S.
The purpose of Experiment I was to investigate the context effect of letter perception for nonword material. The significance of finding a context effect for nonwords would be that the basis of the effect would have to be a product of a person's knowledge of the phonological or orthographic structure of the language rather than attributable to a person knowing a particular letter string as a word. Letter strings composed of an initial consonant, a medial vowel pair, and a terminal consonant pair (CVVCC) were compared with strings composed of the same initial and terminal units but with a medial consonant pair (CCCCC) in a tachistoscopic recognition task. Exactly the same letters in the same positions (first, fourth and fifth letters) were detected with much higher accuracy in the CVVCCs as compared to the CCCCCs. The objective of Experiment II was to see if the presentation interval used in Experiment I was too short to allow maximal performance for the CCCCCs. It seemed possible that iconic memory deteriorated too quickly after the offset of presentation to allow the subjects viewing CCCCCs to extract enough information for maximal performance. The hypothesis was confirmed in that performance for the CCCCCs improved by extending the presentation time. (Author/WR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater.