ERIC Number: ED068886
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Sep
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of Systematic Desensitization and "Sensitization" Treatments for Reducing Counselor Anxiety.
Carter, Dianne K.; Pappas, James P.
A comparison was made of the effects of systematic desensitization, a "sensitization" treatment (designed to increase awareness of anxiety) and no-treatment on the reduction of beginning counselors' anxiety. Forty-one counseling graduate students, assigned to one of the three conditions, served as subjects. With treatments intervening, the subjects participated in pre-post counseling interviews with a client-accomplice. Four basic types of anxiety measures were employed for a total of twelve individual measures. Subjects were treated in groups of six to nine. The pre-post experimental task was for the subjects to interpret an interest task and to counsel a client on any related personal problem. Analysis of the post anxiety measure showed no differences between the treatment groups but, in comparison to a no-treatment control group, both treatments were associated with significant anxiety reduction on four measures related to extraneous body movement and self-reported anxiety. (Author/BW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the American Psychological Association Convention, 2-8 September, 1972, Honolulu, Hawaii