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ERIC Number: ED068603
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-May-12
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Future of the Ethnic "Revival."
Greeley, Andrew M.
Despite all its flaws, the American experiment in pluralism has in many ways been an incredible success. We have been so busy criticizing our failures, so busy comparing ourselves negatively with Sweden and Great Britain that we have not bothered to ask how the United States of America has been able to absorb so much diversity without tearing itself apart. Neither the melting pot nor the cultural pluralism model is a particularly useful way of looking at American society: we have a society of ethnic groups. An ethnic group is defined as "a collectivity based on presumed origin, which shapes to some extent the attitudes and behaviors of those who share that origin, and with which certain people may freely choose to identify at certain times of their lives." What then is to be said about the current emphasis on "militant ethnicity?" First, the data we have collected at the National Opinion Research Center make it clear that the "militant ethnic" approach will only appeal to some people. Second, to the extent that the strategy of militant ethnicity presumes a "pillarized" society, it simply is inaccurate in its reading of the social structure of the U. S. The society would be pillarized only by such circumstances that the overwhelming majority of Italians, for example, thought of themselves as Italians most of the time and if being Italian became the almost exclusive identity which they chose to predicate of themselves. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Opinion Research Center, Chicago, IL.