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ERIC Number: ED068520
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Pages: 40
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Relationship Between Inner Versus Outer Locus of Control and Achievement in Black Middle School Children (5th through 8th Grade): A Psychometric and Validity Study.
Guttentag, Marcia
In order to study the effects of community control in schools on expectancies in black fifth through eighth grade children, five major categories of expectancy were of interest: internal control, group pride, success expectancies, self-esteem, and school attitudes. Focus was on the relationship between inner versus outer locus of control and achievement. Subjects were 980 black urban school children, and the question and answer scales used included the Crandall-Katkofsky-Crandall intellectual achievement responsibility scale, Bialer's locus of control questionnaire, and versions of the Rotter scale for high school students. The study revealed a general factor of personal efficacy, undifferentiated by person or race. There was also a factor of control over other people. These expectancies account for more than 15% of the variance in achievement scores for this age group. (LH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Report to the Carnegie Corporation