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ERIC Number: ED068247
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Aug
Pages: 29
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of Beliefs and Disbeliefs and Reference Category Characteristics as Directive Factors of Social Action in Five Cultures.
Reeder, William W.; And Others
In order to illustrate the cross-culture applicability of Reeder's Theory of Beliefs, Disbeliefs, and Social Action and its usefulness in predicting and explaining social actions, studies conducted in communities in India, Sudan, Lebanon, northeastern United States, and western United States are examined. Using this theory, beliefs and disbeliefs and reference category characteristics (age, sex, education, income, etc.) are examined in each study. The theory holds that "as social actors act upon or interact with referents (things), the action takes 1 of 4 forms: (1) beliefs and opinions, (2) feelings and sentiments, (3) hypothetical responses, or (4) gross behavioral responses." Social action is influenced by beliefs and disbeliefs, reference category characteristics, and past actions and experiences, which are consolidated into one--beliefs and disbeliefs. The studies examined deal with (1) the relationship of beliefs and disbeliefs to social participation in various types of organizations in the United States; (2) the exploration of the meanings of reference category characteristics; (3) the adjustment of Sudanese farm families to a new location; (4) the participation of farmers in a Lebanese village cooperative; (5) the examination of factors related to the consumption of frozen meat in suburbs of Beirut, Lebanon; and (6) community leadership and leadership structure in 2 villages in Punjab, India. Results show beliefs and disbeliefs to be dependable, independent variables in all 5 cultures and reference category characteristics to be less dependable and more capricious for both prediction and explanation. (NQ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Third World Congress of Rural Sociology (Baton Rouge, Louisiana, August 22-27, 1972)