ERIC Number: ED067794
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Training Future Teachers as Play Therapists: An Investigation of Therapeutic Outcome and Orientation Toward Pupils. Final Report.
Foley, Jeanne M.
The effectiveness of undergraduate education majors as play therapists was investigated by comparing measures of therapeutic outcome for 48 emotionally disturbed boys assigned to three treatment conditions and a no treatment control condition. Each treatment condition consisted of 12 play interviews conducted by experienced therapists, students with eight sessions of training in nondirective play therapy (experimental condition), and students with training in being friendly (placebo condition). Parent evaluations indicated that positive changes were greatest for children in the experimental group, next for those in the placebo groups, and least for those in the control group. The hypothesized superiority of the experienced therapists was not confirmed. This was thought to be due to lack of strict adherence to the techniques of nondirective play therapy. Performance ratings for the final interview indicated that the experienced therapists consistently scored significantly higher than the student therapists regardless of condition and that the scores for the experimental and placebo groups did not differ significantly from each other. In contrast, analyses for the process variables consistently indicated that the scores for the experimental group were significantly different from those of the placebo group. (Author/GW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Loyola Univ., Chicago, IL.