ERIC Number: ED067643
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Conceptual and Subjective Organizational Processes in Human Learning and Memory. Final Report.
Puff, C. Richard
This report describes seven basic experiments designed to further elucidate the nature and function of two types of organization imposed by subjects in a free-recall type of memory task. The experiments involved verbal stimulus materials and employed college students as subjects. The two types of organization investigated were category clustering, or the tendency to remember conceptually related items together, and subjective organization, or the tendency for subjects to develop a relatively consistent sequence of responses across successive recall attempts. The main focus of several studies was the evaluation of the theoretical view that the amount that can be remembered is critically dependent upon the degree of organization imposed in recall by the subject. While three studies supported this view, the results of two experiments ran counter to it. These findings suggest that a general proposition that memory is crucially dependent upon such organization is, at best premature. Studies comparing the two types of organization indicated that conceptual clustering was used more extensively than was subjective organization. Furthermore, the two types of organization appeared to reflect relatively independent strategies, and similarities were found in their temporal characteristics. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Franklin and Marshall Coll., Lancaster, PA.