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ERIC Number: ED067634
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 160
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A Psycholinguistic Description of the Oral and Written Language of a Selected Group of Middle School Children.
Martellock, Helen Anna
Six highly skilled middle school readers read aloud a story from a basal reader, then orally retold the story in their own words, wrote a version of the story, and finally read their own version aloud. Typescripts made from audio tape were compared with typescripts of the written compositions. The oral and written retellings were analyzed for miscues, comprehension, and T-unit segmentation (the minimal terminal unit, i.e., minimal in length and grammatically capable of beginning with a capital letter and ending with concluding punctuation). The miscue analysis of the oral reading indicated that the subjects were making semantic and syntactic changes to clarify the original manuscript. Comprehension of the stimulus story was higher and T-units were longer in the written compositions than in the oral retellings. A relationship was indicated between T-unit length, semantics, and literary style. The T-unit as a unit of analysis was a viable tool in examining oral language for structure and meaning. Several areas of needed research in the relationship between thought and language are indicated in this descriptive study. (Author/DI)
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, Dissertation Copies, Post Office Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 72-14,598, MF $4.00, Xerography $10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ed.D. Dissertation, Wayne State University