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ERIC Number: ED067595
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Apr
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
External Locus of Control: A Face of New Left Ideology.
Dembroski, Theodore M.
Externality (sense of powerlessness), as measured by Rotter's (1966) I-E scale, has been theoretically and empirically associated with low socioeconomic status and a history of insufficient reward. Recently, however, externality among white college students has been increasing. The present study sought to demonstrate the relationship of externality to a variety of measures designed to reflect adherence to new-left ideology. Subjects were 33 males and 39 females randomly selected from the total student population of a highly selective liberal arts college. Subjects were personally contacted by interviewers and responded to a questionnaire containing Rotter's I-E scale, a new-left ideology scale, a check-list of legal and illegal sociopolitical activities, and a drug use scale. Significant positive correlations revealed externality as one component of an interrelated network of new-left beliefs, attitudes, and behavior. The relationships held only for male subjects and for those items on the I-E scale representing beliefs in personal control. Processes by which white male college students, females, and members of minority groups arrive at a sense of powerlessness are discussed in terms of reference-group identification, Rotter's social learning theory, and factors of personal adjustment. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Part of this research presented at the Southwestern Psychological Association Convention, (Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, April 20-22, 1972)