ERIC Number: ED066782
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Apr
Reference Count: 0
A Cluster Analytic Approach to the Study of Organizations.
Pinto, Patrick R.; Pinder, Craig C.
Two hundred twenty-seven organizational units drawn from a variety of industries were cluster-analyzed on the basis of their similarities across 18 behavioral and structural dimensions of effectiveness. Using a multivariate subgrouping procedure, eight homogeneous clusters of units were found, varying in size from 8-65 units, and each characterized by a distinct behavioral profile. Within-cluster differences were described in terms of the 18 dimensions, overall unit effectiveness, and in terms of other "demographic" variables that were external to the clustering process. These variables included unit function, work setting dispersion, growth, technology employed, and skill level of the unit members. Significant relationships were found between the behavioral styles of the clusters on the one hand and each of the demographic variables and the overall criterion of effectiveness on the other. The rationale and benefits of clustering organizational units into groups were discussed, and further research ideas were proposed. (Author)
Descriptors: Behavior Rating Scales, Behavioral Science Research, Classification, Cluster Analysis, Cluster Grouping, Data Analysis, Demography, Group Behavior, Group Structure, Industrial Structure, Institutional Research, Occupational Clusters, Organization, Organizations (Groups), Structural Analysis, Work Environment, Work Experience
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Industrial Relations Center.
Note: Paper presented at International Meeting of the Institute of Management Sciences (19th, Houston, Texas, April 4-8, 1972)