ERIC Number: ED066736
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Feb
Pronunciation of Synthetic Words with Predictable and Unpredictable Letter-Sound Correspondences. Technical Report No. 71.
Calfee, Robert C.; And Others
The acquisition of Literacy Project's basic goal is to determine the processes by which children learn to read, and to identify reasons many fail to learn. One part of the process is the formation of correspondences between letter patterns and the sounds for which they stand. To determine the extent of such correspondences, tests of pronunciation of synthetic words were conducted. A list of these words was prepared to test the pronunciation of predictable patterns, such as (final "e", "c" before "e" and "i", and "c" before "a", "o" and "u"), and unpredictable patterns (vowel digraph spellings such as "ai" and "ou"). Responses were recorded and transcribed by graduate students trained in phonetics. Participants were third, sixth and eleventh graders, and college students. A good third grade reader showed mastery of predictable letter-sound correspondences. This mastery increased through high school, but correlation with reading achievement decreased, presumably because this ability is only one of many necessary for skilled reading. Poor readers made more and wild errors in correspondences than good readers. (Author/GR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Cooperative Research Program.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.