ERIC Number: ED066632
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Toward a Model of Lifelong Education.
Knowles, Malcolm S.
Some of the criticisms that have been leveled at the educational establishment by social analysts are discussed. It is suggested that one of the new realities is that education must be a lifelong process in order to avoid the catastrophe of human obsolescence. The assumptions and elements for a new model of education as a lifelong process are discussed. Based on the assumption that the purpose of education is the development of competencies for performing the various roles required in human life, the first element in a new educational model would be a taxonomy of these roles and their required competencies. From the second assumption--the primary purpose of schooling is to help children and youth learn learning skills--seven elements of learning skills are listed. Assumption 3 is based on a spiral of "learning projects," where the school is presented to learners as a "learning resource center" and teachers are presented as "learning project consultants." Also, included in this report is an outline of life problems of American adults noting such areas as vocation and career, home and family living, personal development, etc., as well as a bibliography of the author's publications. (JS)
Descriptors: Bibliographies, Career Development, Classification, Educational Resources, Family Life, Human Resources, Individual Development, Learning Experience, Learning Processes, Lifelong Learning, Middle Aged Adults, Models, Older Adults, Research Reviews (Publications), School Role, Teacher Role, Young Adults
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Working paper for Consultative Group on "Concept of Lifelong Education and Its Implications for School Curriculum." UNESCO, Institute for Education, Hamburg, Oct. 9-12, 1972