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ERIC Number: ED066256
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Aug-27
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Self-Designation Patterns of a Traditional Ethnic Minority in a Modern Society -- Conflict, Consensus, and Confusion in the Identity Crisis.
Salazar, John H.
The process of self-identification by persons of Mexican and other Spanish ancestry and its relationship to reference group theory is discussed. The study examines the relationship patterns between such indepedent variables as age, sex, years of formal education, birthplace, birthplace of parents, and language spoken in the home with various forms of self-identity concepts. Three types of reference groups were used: (1) positive reference groups (the individual's cultural group guides his behavior), (2) negative reference group (the individual opposes or rejects his cultural group), and (3) aspirational reference group (the group into which the individual desires to be accepted). The sample consisted of 228 families from predesignated residential dwellings, blocks, and census tracts having moderately large concentrations of families of Mexican or other Spanish extraction (only 150 interviews were completed). The sample consisted of 48% males and 52% females. The findings indicated that 54% preferred "Mexican American" for purposes of designation in official Census Bureau forms; 43% of females preferred Mexican American for self-designation purposes; Mexican/Mexicano was preferred by the less educated, while the more educated preferred Mexican American; and foreign born persons preferred Mexican/Mexicano or Mexican American while native Americans chose Mexican American or Chicano. The study concentrated on West Texas; it was decided that a major weakness of this study was the rather small sample size which did not consider the self-designation patterns of other regions and localities. (NQ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper prepared for the Third World Congress for Rural Sociology, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, August 22-27, 1972