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ERIC Number: ED065824
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
When Women Are More Deserving Than Men: Equity, Attribution, and Perceived Sex Differences.
Taynor, Janet; Deaux, Kay
Male and female subjects read descriptions of either a male or a female stimulus person performing well in an emergency situation which had been previously shown to be more masculine than feminine. Subjects then allocated rewards, and evaluated performance, effort, and ability of the stimulus person. On the basis of equity theory it was assumed that being a woman in a masculine situation would be perceived as a nonvoluntary constraint, and thus it was predicted that the female would be rated as more deserving of reward than the male for an equivalent performance. It was further predicted, from both equity theory and from an attribution theory standpoint, that performance would be correspondingly inflated to balance the increased deservingness of reward, and that effort, an unstable internal attribute, would be used in preference to ability, a stable internal attribute, in explaining the performance. Both predictions were confirmed, and the results are discussed in relation to recent sex difference research. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A