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ERIC Number: ED065791
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Sex, Personality, and Physiological Variables in the Communication of Emotion via Facial Expression.
Buck, R.; And Others
One goal of this study was to investigate sex differences in facial expressiveness. The study used all possible combinations of males and females in the positions of "sender" and "observer" of the facial communication to determine which factor was responsible for the superior accuracy among females, as reported in a previous study. Another goal of this study was to replicate the negative correlation found in the previous study between communication accuracy and physiological responding. Subjects were 32 female and 32 male undergraduates at the University of Pittsburgh. These subjects were run in 32 sender-observer pairs using a special apparatus and detailed procedure. The results indicated that female senders showed more accurate communication than male senders, but female observers were not reliably more accurate than male observers. The experimenter rated females as exhibiting more facial movement than males. This study replicated the findings of an earlier study which found a negative relationship between facial communication and skin conductance responding for males, but the correlation for females did not attain significance. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A