ERIC Number: ED064901
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Utilization of Telecommunications by Academic and School Libraries in the United States.
Niehaus, Carl A.
As a part of the NASA sponsored program on the application of communication satellites to educational development, a study was made of the utilization of telecommunications by academic and school libraries in the United States and the potential for future utilization by these institutions. The five basic functions performed by all libraries--acquisition, cataloging, storage, retrieval, and circulation control--are identified, and an overview of library cooperation of a general nature not restricted to communication is presented. Applications of telecommunications are then described with respect to interlibrary information interchange and with respect to new uses. School and academic library budgets are discussed, together with the important role played by federal legislation and financial assistance. Current interlibrary communication utilization is described, noting that data communication is potentially an area of considerable value to libraries, but is currently used by only a few. The future of interlibrary communication utilization is projected; medical school libraries are seen as most likely to increase their utilization of data communication in the near future. (JY)
Descriptors: Cataloging, College Libraries, Facility Utilization Research, Facsimile Transmission, Information Networks, Interlibrary Loans, Library Automation, Library Cooperation, Library Expenditures, Library Networks, Library Planning, Medical Schools, Radio, Regional Libraries, School Libraries, Shared Services, Telecommunications, Television, Union Catalogs, Use Studies
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO. Program on Application of Communication Satellites to Educational Development.