ERIC Number: ED064880
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: 0
Selected Instructional Strategies in Computer-Managed Instruction.
Lawler, R. Michael; And Others
A comparison was made between computer-managed instruction (CMI) and conventional instruction (CI) on measures of performance, time and attitude. The sample consisted of 167 undergraduates in a health education course at Florida State University. Of these students, 41 served as a control group and the rest were randomly assigned to one of three CMI treatments, "remedial prescription - forced mastery,""remedial prescription - forced progression," or "forced progression." All students took a pretest, a posttest, and attitude measures before and after the course. For the remainder of the quarter, the CMI students proceeded with their study of appropriate self-instructional materials. When a student felt prepared, he scheduled time on a CMI terminal and was administered the posttest on the module he had completed. Final results showed a general superiority of CMI groups on performance. Of CMI treatments, "forced mastery" students did better than the others. There was no significant difference in attitude among the three modes. Among the CMI groups no significant difference in study time was found. CI students spent 30 hours in the classroom, while CMI students averaged 3.5 hours on the computer. (Author/JK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: Florida State Univ., Tallahassee. Computer-Assisted Instruction Center.