ERIC Number: ED064814
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: 0
Development and Disability at Age Four: A Prospective Longitudinal Study.
Jordan, Thomas E.
The report was explained to be one in a series of products designed to provide an inferential base for planning instructional strategies. Considered were biological and socially adverse states around birth and measures of attainment in three domains at the end of the preschool years. Early child development was first reviewed. The preschoolers examined were the 1966 cohort of 1008 infants who were 50% biological risk and 50% nonrisk. Criteria for selection of experimental subjects were disorders of pregnancy and gestation, delivery, neonatal effects, and any combination of these. It was hypothesized that the four categories of early developmental risk and social class were significant influences on child growth as measured in physical, motor, and cognitive domains at four ages of 36, 42, 48, and 54 months. The statistical model employed was multiple linear regression. Regressive models of development were compared. Predictors and criteria for each of the four ages were reported. The models were found to vary considerably in their capacity to account for criterion variance. Results showed that at 36 months, consideration of the three domains of development indicated that cognitive attainment was most predictable, and that at the later ages, social class was usually more influential than biological risks on cognitive attainment. (CB)
Descriptors: Biological Influences, Cognitive Development, Disadvantaged Youth, Exceptional Child Research, Longitudinal Studies, Lower Class, Motor Development, Physical Development, Preschool Children, Socioeconomic Influences
Cemrel, Inc., 10646 St. Charles Rock Road, St. Ann, Missouri 63074
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: CEMREL, Inc., St. Ann, MO.; Missouri Univ., St. Louis.