ERIC Number: ED064465
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Do the Factors Affecting Academic Achievement Differ by the Socio-Economic Status or Sex of the Student? A Puerto Rican Secondary School Sample. Final Report.
Nuttall, Ronald L.
Variables expected to be associated with academic achievement were examined in a sample (generally exceeding 2500) from eight secondary schools in Baymon Norte, Puerto Rico. Concern was whether variables associated with academic achievement differed by sex or by socioeconomic status (SES). Multivariate analyses of variance with three factors of achievement, sex, and SES were made. High achievers tended to have accepting mothers, parents low on Hostile Psychological Control, and low on autonomy; and were more geographically mobile, had fewer siblings, were more intelligent, obedient, conscientious, artistic, group-mined, placid, self-disciplined, responsible, anxious (preocupado), mature, and less excitable. High schieving girls were less authoritarian, dogmatic, and test anxious, and gave fewer false but socially desirable responses. Students whose academic achievements were consistent with their SES were more assertive, less bragging, happier, and more esthetically sensitive than those whose achievements were discrepant with their SES. Self concepts were higher for achievers, especially for low SES students in junior high schools, and for all students in high schools. Low achievers, especially boys, disliked school. High achieving boys and low achieving girls were more self sufficient, while low achieving boys and high achieving girls were more group dependent. (Author/RJ)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Objectives, Family Characteristics, Family Mobility, Parent Child Relationship, Peer Relationship, Personality, Puerto Ricans, School Attitudes, Secondary School Students, Self Concept, Sex Differences, Socioeconomic Status, Statistical Analysis, Study Habits
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Boston Coll., Chestnut Hill, MA. Inst. of Human Sciences.
Identifiers - Location: Puerto Rico
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Childrens Report of Parental Behavior Inventory