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ERIC Number: ED064394
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Apr
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Personality and Cognitive Correlates of Creativity in Writers.
Barro, Arlene R.
Two different approaches to identifying creative potential in writers were compared: (1) A cognitive-factor approach and (2) a personality approach. The objective is to determine whether the cognitive or personality tests are better able to distinguish between more creative and less creative writers. A review of the literature was conducted. Thirty-four graduate student writers were tested. Two professors rated each subject on the creativity he had shown in his writing. Each subject was individually tested with the California Psychological Inventory (CPI) and the Study of Values (Allport), and with a battery of Guilford's divergent production (DP) tests. The following hypotheses were tested: (1) Writers' scores on certain personality scales will be positively correlated, and on certain other scales negatively correlated with professors' creativity ratings; (2) Writers' scores on Guilford's tests of divergent production in the semantic content area will be positively correlated with professors' creativity ratings; and (3) Multiple correlation between personality tests scores and creativity ratings will be greater than that between divergent production scores and creativity ratings. Hypotheses were confirmed at varying degrees. Results of both simple and multiple correlation analyses provide evidence for the view that personality characteristics rather than cognitive abilities hold the key to predicting creative potential in writers. (CK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the annual AERA meeting (April 1972)