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ERIC Number: ED064278
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972-Apr
Pages: 6
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
New Directions in the Study of Retroactive Interference in Prose Learning.
Anderson, Dennis L.
An examination of models which have been employed in making predictions about the interference effect is made. It is pointed out that investigators mainly have relied upon the paired-associate model borrowed from classical studies in the field of verbal learning. This basic paradigm, represented as A-B, A-C, A-B, has produced fairly consistent results with learning tasks consisting of words and nonsense syllables, but has not served as an effective model in making predictions when meaningful passages of prose have been involved. The possibilities of another model from verbal learning are studied. It is suggested that subjective organization, which has been useful in predicting retention in free recall tasks, may also have relevance for explaining the forgetting of prose material. The notion that retroactive interference or facilitation might be predicted on the basis of passage organization was suggested in a recent study in which an artificial structure was imposed on the prose materials by constructing passages on the basis of Venn diagrams. It is concluded that if prose materials having an inherent hierarchial structure are used in a study of retroaction, the same type of thing may happen between the original and interpolated learning phases. That is, recall may suffer if subjects are forced to rearrange the elements of an established hierarchical structure. (Author/CK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A