ERIC Number: ED063679
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Methodological and Theoretical Bases for Designing Local Educational Change Programs. Research Training Through a Multiple System Consortium, Paper Number 2.
Simonds, J. Todd; St. Lawrence, Theodora
To develop the methodology of designing local educational change, the R & D center staff first identified four critical weaknesses leading to the failures of changes attempted in schools. These weaknesses were categorized as (1) change made without prior analysis of its effects on the whole system, (2) change imposed externally without regard to specific local needs, (3) change made for the sake of change without regard to fundamental reform, and (4) no organism within the system with specific responsibility for the design and maintenance of the change. Independently, a multicomponent closed system was modified to work within the system model to prevent the critical faults from occurring. The modification resulted in an 11-step task flow. Finally, packages of interpersonal, analytical, and information-gathering skills were developed to aid the change specialist in performing the tasks. This paper describes the development of the task flow. Related documents are EA 004 408, EA 004 410, and EA 004 411. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Learning Research and Development Center.
Note: Paper presented at American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting (57th, Chicago, Ill., April 3-7, 1972)