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ERIC Number: ED063082
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 6
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
I.T.A.--A Status Report--1971: The Beginning of a Second Decade.
Block, J. R.
A status report on the use of the Initial Teaching Alphabet (i.t.a.) is presented by the i.t.a. Foundation, an independent, non-profit organization which conducts and supports i.t.a. programs and research. In reviewing the 70 studies which compare i.t.a. programs to traditional orthography (T.O.) programs, it has been found that two-thirds of the studies indicate that i.t.a. is more successful in teaching beginning reading and writing skills than the T.O. approach. The remaining one-third of the studies shows that i.t.a. is equally as successful as T.O. in teaching reading. No studies show adverse effects of using the i.t.a. approach. It is emphasized that the studies conducted were highly varied and were done in a variety of school situations in a number of countries. The report replies to frequently occurring criticisms of the i.t.a. program, such as (1) children who learn i.t.a. have difficulty transferring to T.O., (2) children regress to i.t.a. after they have moved into a T.O. class, (3) i.t.a. materials are expensive, and (4) children in i.t.a. programs experience the Hawthorne effect (learn better because they are participating in an innovative program). It is argued that such criticisms are not supported with evidence or research and that the research on i.t.a. can refute such claims. Further research is encouraged by an offer from the i.t.a. Foundation. (AL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Initial Teaching Alphabet Foundation, Hempstead, NY.