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ERIC Number: ED063075
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Apr
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
An Information Processing Theory of Learning and Forgetting.
Andre, Thomas
A theory of learning and forgetting is proposed which uses an information processing (IP) model. The IP model views learning as a process of storing, retrieving, and outputing information from a permanent memory. The concept of information pattern is important to the IP model because the pattern of information determines how the information will be processed. The pattern is composed of those aspects of the impinging stimulus situation and the requirements of responding given by the learning task. It is suggested that the perceptual aspects of an information pattern are important in determining the storage location in the long term memory. Information patterns are stored in and retrieved from a specific address. The possibility of several addresses for the same information pattern may help account for forgetting: within a limited amount of time for a response only a limited number of searches can be made of the storage address system; thus the information may not be retrieved. The IP theory can account for output interference (inability to output recalled information): if the initial stimulus and elaborative information (which determine the address of the stored information) cannot be reconstructed, the information will not be retrieved. Educational implications of this theory are suggested and references are included. (AL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at meeting of American Educational Research Association (Chicago, April 1972)