ERIC Number: ED062938
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: 0
Stages in the Development of A Black Identity.
Hall, William S.; And Others
The purpose of the experiment described in this document was to obtain empirical evidence regarding the plausibility of an hypothesis that there are 4 stages in the evolution of black awareness. The first stage is the pre-encounter stage, in which a person is programmed to view and to think of the work world as being nonblack, antiblack, or the opposite of black. Behavior and basic attitudes toward self are determined by the "oppressor's" logic. The second is the encounter stage, in which some experience manages to slip by or even shatter the person's current feelings about himself and his interpretation of the condition of the Negro. In the third stage of immersion, everything of value must be relevant to blackness, and in the final internationalization stage the person focuses on things other than himself and his own ethnic or racial group. One hundred eighty (90 black and 90 white) were tested to explore the hypothesis. Within the limitations of this study, the hypothesis has received general support. (HS)
Descriptors: Black Attitudes, Blacks, Cultural Awareness, Group Unity, Self Concept, Student Attitudes
Research and Development Division, The American College Testing Program, P.O. Box 168, Iowa City, Iowa 52240 ($1.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Coll. Testing Program, Iowa City, IA. Research and Development Div.