ERIC Number: ED062912
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
National Patterns of R&D Resources. Funds and Manpower in the United States 1953-1972.
Mieremet, Marian; And Others
This document provides a concise overview of current and historical interrelationships and patterns of national scientific and engineering resources. Major points of the report are: (1) research and development (R&D) expenditures in the U.S. are expected to reach $28.0 billion in 1972; (2) total R&D spending is estimated to rise 4.3% between 1971 and 1972; (3) R&D is expected to account for 2.5% of the estimated 1972 U.S. gross national product; (4) approximately 54% of the national R&D effort is supported with federal funds; (5) the industrial sector is the second largest source of R&D funds, providing 40% of the funds; (6) an estimated 519,000 scientists and engineers were employed in R&D during 1971; (7) more than one-third of the scientists and engineers in the U.S. are engaged in R&D; (8) nearly 40% of the national R&D effort is devoted to research; and (9) universities and colleges are expected to perform more than 55% of the national basic research effort during 1972. (HS)
Descriptors: Development, Higher Education, Research, Research and Development Centers, Researchers, Scientific Research, Scientists
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (3800-0112; $.50)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.