ERIC Number: ED062832
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-May
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Computer-Assisted Instruction on Student Self-Concept, Locus of Control, and Level of Aspiration.
Smith, Ian D.; Hess, Robert D.
The basic question investigated in this study was the effect of the Stanford computer-assisted instruction (CAI) drill-and-practice program in elementary arithmetic when used as remedial instruction, on the self-concept and math attitudes of junior high school students. About 75 percent of the sample of 320 students came from Mexican-American backgrounds. A two-group pretest-posttest design was used. The subjects could not be randomly assigned to treatment and control groups because the CAI program had been operating for several years in the school. The conclusions of this study are: the CAI program promoted realistic attitudes toward math; CAI may be an efficient, effective form of remedial instruction; CAI did not prove dehumanizing, and no across-the-board negative attitudes resulted from the program; there is no best way of presenting educational material to all students. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. Stanford Center for Research and Development in Teaching.