ERIC Number: ED062821
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Apr
Reference Count: 0
A Cognitive Approach for Instructional Media Research.
The history of instructional media research is marked by an emphasis on the use of the terminal performance to measure learning. Little attention has been paid to the processes of learning. However, some studies have identified cognitive strategies used in solving problems of concept identification. The task now is to find out the relationship of strategy used and the terminal performance. Preliminary studies have shown that subjects use all of the following six strategies in solving three concept problems: successive scanning, conservative focusing, focus gambling, start-over, multiple, and ambiguous strategies. It appears that increase of the use of the conservative focusing and successive scanning strategies are in direct relationship with the overall performance. But conclusive statements about this are premature, since no direct relationship was found between the overall performance and the use of each strategy. What is significant is that it is experimentally possible to use the type of strategies employed by subjects as another dependent variable in this problem. (JK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: City Univ. of New York, Jamaica, NY. York Coll.
Note: Paper presented at the Association for Educational Communications and Technology Annual Convention (Minneapolis, Minnesota, April 16-22, 1972)