ERIC Number: ED062820
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Response Requirement and Nature of Interpolated Stories in Retroactive Inhibition in Prose.
Van Mondfrans, Adrian P.; And Others
Retroactive inhibition, a loss of memory due to learning other materials between recall and exposure to the original materials, was investigated in relation to prose. Two variables were manipulated in the study: similarity of interpolated stories (dissimilar or similar), and the response requirements (completion-recall or multiple-choice). The 190 students in introductory psychology courses who participated as subjects in the study were randomly assigned to a treatment group; they were given an original and two interpolated stories (which could be similar, both be dissimilar, the first similar while the second dissimilar, or the first dissimilar and the second similar) to read, and tested on (completion or multiple-choice) material contained in the original story. Results showed that retroactive inhibition in prose is greater when interpolated passages are similar to the original passage. Further analyses indicated that when the similar story is the first interpolated story, the same percentage of total errors result from interjections from that story as when it is last. Finally, the subjects responded correctly more often on the multiple-choice test than on the completion test, and tended to make different kinds of errors on the two tests. (SH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Brigham Young Univ., Provo, UT.
Note: Paper presented at the Association for Educational Communications and Technology Annual Convention (Minneapolis, Minnesota, April 16-22, 1972)